Congenital Scoliosis refers to bony abnormalities of the spine present at birth. These anomalies are due to either the abnormal formation or improper separation of the vertebrae. There is no known cause.
In the first six to eight weeks of embryonic life, a developmental change occurs that results in the failure of formation of one or more vertebral bodies, most often in the thoracolumbar spine which results in a scoliosis and/or kyphosis that usually very slowly worsens with much later childhood growth.
The second type of Congenital Scoliosis is the failure of segmentation where the vertebral bodies do not separate to form normal discs and bones. This type of scoliosis causes a tethering of one side of the bony spinal column causing a scoliosis. Both types of congenital scoliosis types can sometimes be seen on neo-natal ultrasound scans, though not always.
- CT Scan
- Observation and monitoring by a spine specialist
- Bracing – generally not typically effective